On December 15th, 2020, the Chinese Embassy and the Rwanda Patriotic Front held a webinar on the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CCCPC). Chinese Ambassador to Rwanda, H.E. RAO Hongwei, briefed the Rwandan side about the main outcomes and significance of the Session and its far-reaching impact on China-Rwanda and China-Africa relations. Among the 20 senior cadres from the Rwandan ruling party attending the webinar were Secretary General Hon. Francois Ngarambe, Commissioners of National Executive Committee Hon. Oda Gasinzigwa and Dr. Abdallah Utumatwishima, Senior Advisor to SG Hon. Protais Musoni, Member of Parliament Hon. Clarisse Imaniriho and Chairperson of Women League Ms Christine Akimpaye.
In his keynote speech, Amb. Rao summarized main outcomes of the historical meeting as five "new"s. First, the Session unveils China's new development stage. China now stands at a historical juncture. 2020 is the last year for the implementation of the 13th Five Year Plan (FYP) and the completion of building a moderately prosperous society in all aspects, with all development targets set in the 13th FYP to be attained on schedule. In 2021, China will embark on a new journey of building a modern socialist country in all aspects.
Second, the Session unveils China's new development philosophy. The most important outcome of the Fifth Plenary Session is the adoption of the Proposals of the CPC Central Committee Regarding the Formulation of the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for National Economic and Social Development and the 2035 Long-Range Objectives, which set out the guiding principles, major objectives, key tasks and major measures for the country's development during the 14th FYP period. The new development vision articulates that efforts must be made to promote transformation in quality, efficiency and growth drivers for high-quality development, greater efficiency and more sustainability.
Third, China's new development pattern, also unveiled by the Session, will accelerate the building of the "dual circulation" growth pattern in which the domestic market plays a leading role with international and domestic markets reinforcing each other. This new pattern will definitely boost higher-quality opening-up.
Fourth, "Common prosperity" is China's new development requirement. Believing that development is of the people, by the people and for the people, the Communist Party of China writes "common prosperity" into its documents as a brand new expression for the first time.
Fifth, China commits to building a new type of international relations. The Session's Proposals emphasize that China will stick to its development of global partnerships, adhere to multilateralism, actively participate in the reform and building of global governance system, and promote a community with a shared future for mankind.
Amb. Rao made three proposals to deepen the bilateral cooperation between China and Rwanda. First, the CPC and the RPF should step up mutual learning and exchanges in pursuit of a new type of party-to-party relations, expand common ground while reserving differences, and enhance mutual respect, trust and understanding. Second, the two sides should dovetail their development strategies for win-win results. China's 14th FYP and "dual circulation" development pattern will provide more opportunities for Rwanda to realize its Vision 2050. Third, the two sides should join hands to defend the philosophy of independent development, contribute to the global peace development, and uphold the international order. Successful practices of the two ruling parties can serve as reference to all developing countries in their pursuit of independent progress.
On behalf of the RPF, Hon. Francois Ngarambe said in his address that the year 2020 has been a special one with the outbreak of Covid-19. He first congratulated China for its successful control of the pandemic and applauded its assistance extended to international community including Rwanda during the most difficult time. The year 2020 urges the world more than ever before to consider that globalization is real and needs all countries to act accordingly in deepening international cooperation and creating a global community with a shared future for mankind. The China-Rwanda cooperation has become a model on how to build this global community. As the ruling parties, the CPC and the RPF have been at the center of their countries' rewarding achievements with a shared ideology of "People First". The journey to success has been a long and tough one. The future of the Chinese and Rwandan people depends on the ruling parties' strong leadership and effective governance. The RPF is willing to reinforce cooperation with the CPC, expand people-to-people exchanges between the two countries, and realize the aspirations of their people.
National Executive Commissioner Hon. Oda Gasinzigwa, Senior Advisor to SG Hon. Protais Musoni and Member of Parliament Hon. Clarisse Imaniriho made remarks respectively on their views concerning the Session itself, the RPF's development strategy, cooperation between China and Rwanda and their ruling parties. They recalled the remarks made by Hon. SONG Tao, Minister of the International Department of the CCCPC, during the Thematic Briefing for Sub-Saharan Africa on the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CCCPC on November 17th, 2020. Through implementing the proposals at the Session, they said, the Chinese people will definitely make more achievements in the future. The RPF cadres agreed with the Chinese side on its proposal of a community with a shared future for mankind and spoke highly of historical achievements like poverty alleviation made by the Chinese people under the CPC's leadership. They expected the resumption of bilateral training workshops, through which the two ruling parties could strengthen mutual learning and exchanges to promote social progress and improve people's well-being in their respective countries.